A biometric screening is an important component of a comprehensive health and wellness program. For employers, biometric screenings provide important baseline data to shape the direction of their corporate wellness program. For employees, these screenings provide information on current and potential medical issues.
There are 4 parts to a Biometric Screening
1. Blood Pressure
A measure of the pressure of the blood in the circulatory system. High blood pressure puts stress on one’s blood vessels and your heart, which is a muscle. This muscle can grow like any muscle with increased stress (enlarged heart). Blood pressure is an important preventive tool in determining risk factors for heart attack, stroke, heart disease, and other related disease states.
A measure of LDL (low–density–lipoproteins) “Bad cholesterol”, HDL (high–density–lipoproteins) “good cholesterol”, and triglycerides.
LDL “bad cholesterol” is a lipoprotein of blood plasma that is associated with increased risk of arteriosclerosis (plaque build up on arteries) and therefore increased risk for heart attack, heart disease and stroke. HDL “good cholesterol” is a lipoprotein of blood plasma that is associated with reduced risk of atherosclerosis (plaque build up on arteries), and therefore reduced risk for heart attack, heart disease and stroke.
Triglycerides are the fat in the blood that is used to provide energy for the body. Levels that are too high although, can be an indicator of heart disease.
3. Diabetes (Blood Glucose)
A measure of the glucose (blood sugar) in your blood. This is a determining indicator for diabetes and pre-diabetes. Diabetes is a metabolic disease in which the body’s inability to produce any or enough insulin causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood.
Diabetes is associated with fatigue, eye problems, peripheral nerve damage, kidney problems/ failure, and increased risk for heart attack and stroke.
4. BMI (Body Mass Index)
A measure of a person’s weight in kilograms divided by his or her height in meters squared. The National Institute of Health (NIH) now defines normal weight, over weight, and obesity according to BMI rather than the traditional height/weight charts.
BMI is used as a tool to identify possible weight problems for adults. Overweight and obese adults, along with other risk factors, play a major role in increased risk for heart disease, heart attack and stroke.
A scary 36% of US adults today are obese and account for 21% of annual medical spending. (Centers for Disease Control)